Online Semi-Supervised Multiple-Instance Boosting
|Authors||Zeisl Bernhard, Leistner Christian, Saffari Amir, Bischof Horst|
IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR 2010)
A recent dominating trend in tracking called tracking-by-detection uses on-line classifiers in order to re-detect objects over succeeding frames. Although these methods usually deliver excellent results and run in real-time they also tend to drift in case of wrong updates during the self-learning process. Recent approaches tackled this problem by formulating tracking-by-detection as either one-shot semi-supervised learning or multiple instance learning. Semi-supervised learning allows for incorporating priors and is more robust in case of occlusions while multiple-instance learning resolves the uncertainties where to take positive updates during tracking. In this work, we propose an on-line semi-supervised learning algorithm which is able to combine both of these approaches into a coherent framework. This leads to more robust results than applying both approaches separately. Additionally, we introduce a combined loss that simultaneously uses labeled and unlabeled samples, which makes our tracker more adaptive compared to previous on-line semi-supervised methods. Experimentally, we demonstrate that by using our semi-supervised multiple-instance approach and utilizing robust learning methods, we are able to outperform state-of-the-art methods on various benchmark tracking videos.